Pablo Picasso，one of the greatest artistic geniuses of the 20th century
Pablo Picasso (Spanish: Pablo Picasso, October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973), Spanish painter, sculptor, member of the French Communist Party. He is the founder of modern art and the main representative of Western modernist painting. Picasso is the most creative and far-reaching artist in the contemporary West and one of the greatest artistic geniuses of the 20th century. Representative works: "Guernica", "Dove of Peace", "Girls of Avignon" and "Life".
Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain in 1881. In 1897, Picasso went to the Prado Museum in Madrid for further studies. In 1900, Picasso went to Paris to work and live. In 1903, completed the painting "Life". In 1907, the completion of the painting "The Maiden of Avignon" became a milestone in his creation of the Cubist style. In 1937, Picasso created the large-scale painting "Guernica" to commemorate the Nazi bombing of Guernica. In 1949 his work "Dove of Peace" was selected as the poster of the International Peace Conference. Picasso died in Mougins, France in 1973 at the age of 91.
Picasso was a prolific painter. According to statistics, his works totaled nearly 37,000 pieces, including: 1,885 oil paintings, 7,089 drawings, 20,000 prints, and 6,121 lithographs. In a poll conducted by a French newspaper in December 1999, he was voted one of the ten greatest painters of the 20th century by 40%.
At the beginning of this volatile century, he traveled from Spain to Paris, then the art capital of the world, to begin his lifelong journey of splendid art discovery. In the 20th century, no artist was as varied and well known as Picasso. Picasso's fame is not only because of his early fame and masterpieces such as "The Girl of Avignon" and "Guernica", but also because of his abundant creativity and colorful life, he left a lot of multi-layered works of art. Picasso's completed works are estimated to be as many as 60,000 to 80,000 pieces. In addition to paintings and drawings, they also include sculptures, pottery, prints, stage costumes and other modeling expressions. After Picasso's death in 1973, major art museums around the world have launched various retrospective exhibitions about him.
The main trend of Picasso's painting is the rich modeling means, that is, the use of space, color and line.
After the age of 30, Picasso entered one restless period of exploration after another. His works, like his life, did not have the slightest unity, continuity and stability. He has no fixed ideas, and there are many kinds of tricks, either passionate or manic, amiable or hateful, sincere or fake, fickle and unpredictable, but what he is always loyal to is freedom. There has never been a painter in the world like Picasso, who recreated the world at will with complete and complete freedom, and exercised his power at will, with astonishing candor and innocent creativity. He doesn’t want rules, he doesn’t want prejudice, he doesn’t want anything, and he wants to create everything. He followed no pattern in the course of his art, from naturalism to expressionism, from classicism to romanticism, and back to realism. From the figurative to the abstract, coming and going, he is against all bondage and all visions of the divine in the universe, and only absolute freedom suits him. Works of art are created by great people.
In 1908, at the Salon d'Automne in Paris, when the Fauvist painter Matisse saw the novel and unique works of Picasso and Braque, he couldn't help but exclaim: "These are just some cubes!" In the same year, the critic Waugh In Gil Blass magazine, Searle, borrowing Matisse, commented on Braque's work at the Kathler Gallery: "Braque reduced everything to a cube". He first adopted the word "Cubism". Later, as a reference to the style and school of painting created by Picasso and Braque, the name "Cubism" was established by convention.
In Western modern art, Cubism is a movement and school of painting with great influence. His artistic pursuit is directly related to Cezanne's artistic conception. The Cubist painter himself once claimed: "Whoever understands Cezanne understands Cubism".
Cubist painters were inspired by Cezanne's idea of "processing nature with cylinders, spheres and cones", and tried to create structural beauty in their paintings. They strive to reduce the descriptive and expressive elements of their works, and strive to organize a geometrically inclined picture structure. Although their works still maintain a certain figurative character, their goals are fundamentally different from objective representation. They developed a painting language called "simultaneous vision" from Cezanne, combining different visions of objects from multiple angles on the same image in the painting. For example, in Picasso's "Girls of Avignon", the frontal face is painted with a profile nose, while the profiled face is painted with frontal eyes.
Generally speaking, "Girls of Avignon" is the first work of Cubism, and the Cubist movement can usually be divided into two phases. One stage was the so-called Analytical Cubism before 1912. Inheriting the tradition of Cezanne's rational analysis of painting structure, painters tried to construct a painterly space and physical structure by decomposing and reconstructing space and objects.
After 1912, the Cubist movement entered a second phase, commonly known as Synthetic Cubism. Color plays a powerful role in the painting at this time, but the form remains fragmented, just larger and more decorative. The painters created a new artistic technique and language to collage the pictures with real objects, which further strengthened the texture changes of the pictures, and raised the question of which is the reality and which is the illusion between nature and painting. Although Cubism was a pictorial style, it also had a profound impact on 20th century sculpture and architecture.
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