Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was one of the greatest painters of the 17th century in Europe and the greatest painter in Dutch history.
Rembrandt studied under P. Lastman in his early years and opened a studio in his hometown in 1625. He works in a wide range of genres, and is good at portraits, landscapes, genre paintings, religious paintings, historical paintings and other fields.
Rembrandt left more than 600 oil paintings, more than 300 etched prints and more than 2,000 drawings in his lifetime, almost painted more than 100 self-portraits, and almost all his family members appeared in his paintings.
Rembrandt's place in the history of painting, not only in the Netherlands, but in the whole of Europe, is on a par with the great masters of the Italian Renaissance. What he represents is the Nordic nationality and national genius. The appearance of Rembrandt's great face is a special technique for expressing his special soul. The term chiaroscuro, when used in reference to the painter, took on a special meaning. In other words, Rembrandt's light and dark and the light and dark of Renaissance Italian writers have very different meanings. Fromentin, a French nineteenth-century painter and critic, called him a "luminous bug". Others say that he painted light from darkness.
There are two paintings in the Louvre, "Carpenter's Family" and "Dinner of Emmaus", which are considered as representative works. We can use them to understand the true work of Lun's "Light and Darkness".
The work "Saint Stephen Killed by Stones" (collected in the Lyon Museum) reveals the inner activities of the characters by capturing facial expressions. In order to shape characters with individual characteristics, he spent his life studying physiognomy, and the results of his exploration were an important part of his painting techniques.
Rembrandt light is a universal and well-used light. It uses precise triangular stereo light to outline the outline of the figure and hide the rest in the light and darkness. Gives a stable and solemn feeling.
Rembrandt's oil paintings have always adopted the "light and dark" treatment method, that is, using dark brown or light olive brown as the background, the light is summarized into concentrated lines like bunches of torch light, focusing on the main part of the painting. This visual effect is as if the character in the painting is standing on a black stage, and a beam of light hits his face. Flomentin, a French 19th-century painter and critic, called Rembrandt a 'luminous bug', while others said he painted light with darkness.
Rembrandt's use of light is impressive. He uses light and shade uniquely. He flexibly handles light and dark light in complex pictures, using light to enhance the main part of the painting, and let the dark part weaken and dissolve the secondary elements. His magical shading constitutes the strong dramatic color in his style, and it also forms an important feature of Rembrandt's paintings.
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